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GA38

Page history last edited by Nina Chen 8 years, 9 months ago

Women in India – Now and Then         

Shirley L. and Nina C.

A3


     Throughout the history of the world, the struggle of women for their rights is continuously repeating itself as cultures modernize. As in India, where the modern role of women now differs from the traditional, cultural role. The traditional roles of women in India did not allow them freedom or liberty. Nowadays women can be independent without being controlled.  We chose this topic because we thought it would be interesting to research another example of women's suffrage. The role of women in different cultures show the diverse aspects of the society's beliefs. The role of women in India has changed a lot over the centuries and it interests us to find out about how they lived before and how they live now.

 

 

(http://www.tribuneindia.com/2011/20110215/harplus.htm) (http://www.tribuneindia.com/2011/20110215/harplus.htm) 

Traditional:

    "Indians will often their attitude and treatment of women through the religious texts and in the examples of heroes and heroines from ancient literature."

  •  Women were necessary and important but had no independence or rights.
  •  They had to perform their duties as wife, mother, and housekeeper.
  •  They had to follow the laws set by the men.
  •  No women could live or work for their sake. When women married, they had to have children, mainly sons. There is a hymn that states "may we possess a family of males."
  • "The idea of the suffering wife and mother is enshrined in classical Indian literature."

(http://www.indiatogether.org/women/worklife/worklife.htm)

 

Modern:

   Women are trying to get the right to determine their own lives and how they live it, as well as being able to participate in public policy issues. The Women's Indian Association is India's first major feminist organization that is still in operation. Their goal has been "to improve women's educational conditions and to remove customs like early marriage, enforced widowhood among Hindus, and the Muslim purdah (veil), all of which were mental and physical impediments to women's health."

  • Women first became politcally active in 1889.
  • The Women's Indian Association became active in 1918.
  • The literacy rate for women has continued to rise (54.3% in 2001)
  • In urban areas of India, there are many female doctors, nurses, teachers, and social workers. The women there are highly educated in the science, medicine, computer technology, and the social sciences.
  • Indian scientists are one of the world's most talented. 

Feminist Rallies

(Gale Encyclopedia of India, Women and Political Power)

Diaologue:

Two old friends meet up 20 years later and discuss their lives. One, through the traditional aspect, and the other from a modern perspective

 

Woman 1: Hey, long time no see.

Woman 2: Hi, how's it going?

Woman 1: I'm good; I actually just graduated from medical school.

Woman 2: Medical school? To be a doctor?

Woman 1: Yeah, what do you do for a living?

Woman 2: Oh, I have a family to raise.

Woman 1: You're already married?

Woman 2: Yeah, I got married after you left our village to pursue education. What about you? When are you deciding to get married?

Woman 1: After I am successful in my career. Are you ever going to get an education?

Woman 2: Why do I need one?

Woman 1: To be more successful and not have to depend on your husband. Isn't it better to have rights?

Woman 2: I chose to stick to tradition because I don't think there's anything wrong with them. Why change when there's no need to?

Woman 1: Well, I chose to move on to keep up with the modernizing world.

 

                    (unable to cite)                                    (http://www.reflexstock.com/micro-stock/lab-coat.html)

 

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